We finally got around to it. Garlic should be planted about a month before the ground freezes (in areas where the ground does freeze). I'm hoping that the mild weather has bought us some time.
We planted 16 cloves last year and harvested 6 usable bulbs. I can only blame myself for that, because the animals and bugs have left everything in the onion family alone in our garden. I think I may have been overwatering; I'm not sure. The goal is to re-plant some of what you grow, so we've sacrificed one bulb for that purpose.
There are stiff-neck garlics and soft-neck garlics. The soft-neck are what you usually find in the grocery store. The stiff-necks are the ones that grow scapes, which I prefer because we get to enjoy a pre-harvest treat. They have a core at the center that the cloves grow around.
Last year's garlic was German Extra Hardy. I also ordered some Russian Red from Johnny's Seeds, and then a variety called Persian Star from Botanical Interests, once I realized we didn't have much of our own to plant and everything was already selling out.
We'll also harvest the parsnips in the Spring.
A few other things are still making a go of it in the garden. A couple more baby eggplants from the plant that keeps on giving.